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Anal Fissure

Anal Fissure Treatment

Anal fissure are small cuts/tears in the anus lining, which can be caused by trauma to the anal canal and anus. Usually bowel movement is a cause of the trauma. Also may be caused by a hard stool or repeated episodes of diarrhea. During childbirth, trauma to the perineum (the skin between the anus and the posterior vagina) may cause a cut that extends into the anoderm.

What causes an anal fissure?

  • Constipation – large, hard feces (stools) are more likely to result in lesions in the anal area during a bowel movement than soft and smaller ones.
  • Diarrhea – repeated diarrhea can cause an anal fissure to develop.
  • Muscle spasms – experts believe that anal sphincter muscle spasms may increase the risk of developing an anal fissure. A spasm is a brief, automatic jerking muscle movement, when the muscle can suddenly tighten. Muscle spasms may also undermine the healing process.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth – pregnant women have a higher risk of developing an anal fissure towards the end of their pregnancy. The lining of the anus may also tear during childbirth.
  • Underlying conditions – some underlying conditions, such as  ulcerative colitis, and other inflammatory bowel diseases may cause ulcers to form in the anal area.
  • Anal sex – can in rare instances cause anal fissures.

WHCC’s Dr. Vandana Bansal is well experienced and among the best Fissure surgeons in Indore. There is no room for hesitation as being a female she understands all your problem and provides treatment in an overwhelming environment.

Anal Fissure Symptoms

  • A visible crack in the skin around the anus.
  • Pain after bowel movements that can last up to several hours.
  • Pain, sometimes severe, during bowel movements.
  • a skin tag, or small lump of skin, next to the tear.
  • Bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper after a bowel movement.
  • burning or itching in the anal area.

How is an anal fissure treated?

Most anal fissures don’t require extensive treatment. However, certain home remedies can help promote healing and relieve uncomfortable symptoms. You can treat an anal fissure at home by:

  • Using over-the-counter stool softeners
  • Drinking more fluids
  • Taking fiber supplements and eating more fibrous foods, such as raw fruits and vegetables
  • Taking a sitz bath to relax the anal muscles, relieve irritation, and increase blood flow to the anorectal area
  • Applying topical pain relievers

If your symptoms aren’t relieved within two weeks of treatment, see your doctor for further evaluation. Your doctor can make sure you have the correct diagnosis and can recommend other treatments.

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